Topic 2 Review
Fill in the review as you complete the assigned readings for the topic. This review will help you prepare for course discussions, assignments, and examinations. The review may be used during examinations.
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Encountering the New Testament: A Historical and Theological Survey
1. What are the three administrative districts governed by the Romans on the western side of the Jordan River? What are some of the distinctive features of each?
2. What is the collection of the districts to the east of the Jordan River?
3. Who were the Hasmoneans, and why were they important?
4. Who were the Hasidim, and why were they important?
5. What were some of the factors that led to the destruction of the Jerusalem in 70 AD?
6. Why was the destruction of Jerusalem significant in terms of the relationship between Jews and Christians?
7. What were the unifying beliefs and practices in Judaism at the time of Jesus?
8. Identify the four major groups in Palestine at the time of Jesus. Describe their distinctive beliefs and practices.
9. What are the key features of apocalyptic thought?
10. Who are the Samaritans?
11. What elements of Jesus’s life were included in the Gospels?
12. What is the gospel form?
13. What are the five reasons the Gospels were written?
14. Describe some of the key features of John the Baptist’s ministry as it relates to Jesus.
15. How do Jesus’s baptism and temptation fit as it relates to his life of perfect faithfulness?
16. What is the relationship between Jesus’s fulfillment of Old Testament prophesies, such as Isaiah 61:1-2, his preaching on the Kingdom of God, and his miracles and exorcisms?
17. How did opposition to Jesus grow through his Perean and Judean ministry? What are the reasons people opposed Jesus?
18. Sketch out a sequence of events for Jesus’s Last Days from his triumphal entry to his crucifixion.
19. What is a parable? What is its form and purpose?
20. What is the difference between a parable and an illustration or proverb?
21. How is the Kingdom of God defined and described in the chapter section, “God, the Kingdom of God, and Jesus’s Relation to the Kingdom”?
22. Summarize the uniqueness of Jesus in terms of the following:
a. Jesus’s special relation to God:
b. Jesus’s special relation to human beings:
c. Jesus’s sense of mission:
23. What are the key features of Jesus’s second coming and the end of the age?
(“The Kingdom of God”) in The Gospels and Jesus from the Oxford Bible Series
24. In the section “Jesus and the Kingdom,” Stanton describes views of the Kingdom of God represented in the scholars Ritschl, Weiss, and Dodd. What are the main differences between them?
25. What is the significance of Jesus’s miracles or signs in relationship to the Kingdom of God?
26. How is the Kingdom of God defined in the section, “Is the Kingdom Temporal or Spatial”?
Elwell, W. A., & Yarbrough, R. W. (2013). Encountering the New Testament: A historical and theological survey (3rd ed.). Grand Rapids: MI. Baker Academic.
Stanton, G. (2002). Oxford Bible Series: The Gospels and Jesus. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=478397&site=ehost-live&scope=site&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_203