Topic 1 Review
Fill in the review as you complete the assigned readings for the topic. This review will help you prepare for course discussions, assignments, and examinations. The review may be used during examinations.
For direct quotes, be sure to use proper GCU style (Author, Year, p. #). It is important to cite your sources properly to avoid intentional or unintentional plagiarism, either of which is a violation of the University Code of Conduct and may result in loss of points or other disciplinary action.
Additionally, including page numbers will allow you to locate information more quickly while you prepare for and take exams.
Encountering the New Testament: A Historical and Theological Survey
- What is the Old Testament? What are three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures?
- What is the New Testament? What does it tell you?
- What is the Apocrypha? When were these writings written? Are they considered useful?
- What does canon mean?
- What does inspiration mean as it relates to the Bible? What is concursus, and why is it an important clarifying concept?
- What term is used to describe the handwritten copies of the Bible from antiquity?
- What is the discipline of textual criticism?
- What are the four types of manuscripts that attest to the New Testament? What are the distinctive features of each?
- Besides the manuscript evidence, what other types of evidence exist for the New Testament?
- What is hermeneutics?
- What is historical criticism? What are the assumptions of this discipline?
- What are the three basic aspects of hermeneutics?
- What is genre? Why is it important for the study of the New Testament?
- What is the meaning of the term synoptic?
- Which three gospels are considered Synoptic Gospels?
- What is the synoptic problem?
- What is form criticism? What is its foundational assumption?
- Who is Rudolf Bultmann? Why is he an important figure in New Testament studies?
- What is redaction criticism? What is its foundational assumption?
- What is the meaning of the term Sitz im Liben? How is it employed in form criticism? How is it employed in redaction criticism
- What are the four distinctions between form criticism and redaction criticism suggested by the authors in the section “The Rise of Redaction Criticism”?
- What is narrative criticism? What is its foundational assumption?
- What is a reader-response theory of interpretation?
- What is rhetorical criticism?
- What is deconstructionism?
- What does the distinction between the Jesus of History and Christ of Faith mean in terms of modern historical-critical study of the New Testament? What are its assumptions?
- What is the first Quest for the Historical Jesus? What characterizes this quest?
- What is the New Quest? What characterizes this quest?
- What is the Third Quest? What characterizes this quest?
The responses for the following questions can be found in “Introduction to the New Testament” by Keathley, in Concise New Testament Survey located on Bible.org (2004), in the assigned readings for Topic 1.
- Are the New Testament writings written with purely historical-factual concerns? What is the nature of the New Testament writings?
- What is the meaning of the term New Testament?
- How does the Greek language provide preparation for the coming of Christ
- How does the Roman Empire provide a preparation for the coming of Christ?
- What are the three major literary types represented in the New Testament?
List some of the distinctive purposes for each literary group.
- Gospels –
- Acts –
- Epistles –
- Revelation –
- What is an epistle? Why were the epistles written
- What are the General Epistles? Which books fall under this category?
- Which is considered the earliest gospel written? Which is the earliest epistle?
- In terms of the development of the canon, what were the four criteria used to determine which books should be included in the New Testament and regarded as sacred Scripture?
Elwell, W. A., & Yarbrough, R. W. (2013). Encountering the New Testament: A historical and theological survey (3rd ed.). Grand Rapids: MI. Baker Academic.
Keathley, J. H. (2004). Introduction to the New Testament. Retrieved from https://bible.org/seriespage/introduction-new-testament